The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. (...) It was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193.
via Guardian: "There are five permanent members who were the the second world war's principal victors (...)"
The Security Council consists of fifteen members. The great powers that were the victors of World War II—Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States—serve as the body's five permanent members.
Kofi Annan@KofiAnnan 2015-09-23
"In an interview with the Guardian, Annan said Russia, China, the US, France and the UK should take advantage of the imminent 70th anniversary of the UN to modernise the pre-eminent global security body by welcoming in powers such as India and Germany."
"The current system, which gives only five countries – China, France, Russia, the UK and US – a permanent seat and veto in the council, has been widely criticised as an anachronism, setting in stone the global politics of 70 years ago. Among the longstanding proponents of reform are India, Germany, Japan and South Africa, all lobbying for a permanent seat on the council."
“I think the Syrian situation is a rather tragic and unique one. (…) “I think the situation was difficult but much more manageable in 2012 when I was involved. I pushed very hard, came up with a six-point plan and launched the Geneva communique in June 2012 and now the member states and the council are trying to build on it, but this is three years on and [many] people have died in the meantime.”
http://theelders.org/about: "Chaired by Kofi Annan, The Elders is an independent group of global leaders who work together for peace and human rights. They were brought together in 2007 by Nelson Mandela."
The Elders @TheElders 2015-09-23
"The #UNSC should be reformed: it cannot continue as it is." @KofiAnnan calls for expansion to stay relevant http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/23/un-security-council-must-be-revamped-or-risk-irrelevance-kofi-annan-warns?CMP=share_btn_tw … #UN70
(Same Guardian article as above)
How the #UN Security Council works and how to improve it http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2015/sep/23/un-security-council-failing-70-years …. #UN70
Excerpts from another Guardian article with nice figures:
"There are five permanent members who were the the second world war's principal victors (...). There are also 10 temporary members at any one time, elected by the general assembly for two-year terms."
"Seventy years on, hardly anyone claims the security council is representative. There are no African or Latin American states among the permanent members. Nor is India, despite its vast population and increasingly powerful economy. It still produces large numbers of resolutions and manages 16 peacekeeping missions, but on Syria, the most lethal and destabilising conflict in the world today, it is paralysed by disagreement and vetoes."
"France and others argue an immediate fix would be for permanent members to waive their veto rights in cases of mass atrocities (...)"
(tweet by Oksana Boyko)
(Ahtisaari is one of the Elders)
"Ahtisaari won the Nobel prize in 2008 “for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts”, including in Namibia, Aceh in Indonesia, Kosovo and Iraq."
"On 22 February 2012 he was sent to meet the missions of the permanent five nations (the US, Russia, UK, France and China) at UN headquarters in New York by The Elders, a group of former world leaders advocating peace and human rights that has included Nelson Mandela, Jimmy Carter, and former UN secretary general Kofi Annan."
"In June 2012, Annan chaired international talks in Geneva, which agreed a peace plan by which a transitional government would be formed by “mutual consent” of the regime and opposition. However, it soon fell apart over differences on whether Assad should step down. Annan resigned as envoy a little more than a month later, and Assad’s personal fate has been the principal stumbling block to all peace initiatives since then. "
"This week, as world leaders convene in New York for the UN General Assembly, Elders are in the city to hold debates on strengthening the UN, 70 years after its founding."