Main article: United Nations System
The United Nations' system is based on five principal organs: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), theSecretariat, and the International Court of Justice. Four of the five principal organs are located at the main UN Headquarters in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the UN offices at Geneva, Vienna,and Nairobi. Other UN institutions are located throughout the world.
“Two thirds of the activities of the United Nations system take place in Geneva, making it a key centre of international co-operation and multilateral negotiation. This is one of the reasons that the city is often referred to as ‘International Geneva’.”
The Secretariat — an international staff working in duty stations around the world — carries out the diverse day-to-day work of the Organization. It services the other principal organs of the United Nations and administers the programmes and policies laid down by them. At its head is the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a five-year, renewable term.
1. Department of Political Affairs (DPA)
In Africa (among others):
· UNSMIL, United Nations Support Mission in Libya
In the Middle East:
2. Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)
On 20 July 2012, the Security Council extended the mission for 30 days and said that any further extension could be possible only ‘’in the event that the Secretary-General reports and the Security Council confirms the cessation of the use of heavy weapons and a reduction in the level of violence sufficient by all sides'' to allow the UNSMIS monitors to implement their mandate. As those conditions were not met, UNSMIS mandate came to an end at midnight on 19 August 2012.
The United Nations’ system is comprised of the UN itself and more than 30 affiliated organizations — known as programs, funds, and specialized agencies — with their own membership, leadership, and budget processes.
UN Specialized Agencies: World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
UN Programs and Funds: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, UNHCR protects refugees worldwide and facilitates their return home or resettlement.
Link SYRIA EMERGENCY
"Syrian refugees struggling to survive the harsh winter"
"Winter without a home"
"Over 3 million Syrians are refugees. This is the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era."
"Since the beginning of the conflict in Syria almost half of all Syrians have been forced to leave their home and flee for their lives in search of safety.
Thousands of refugees are struggling to stay warm and protect their shelters as heavy snow storms bringing freezing temperatures, fierce winds, and lashing rain hit Lebanon and Jordan."
Archive image of refugee camp from the video
The UN site motto http://www.un.org/en/ : "Welcome to the United Nations! It’s your world."
"All are invited to join the conversation online by using the hashtag of the day: #SocialUN! "
The event will be opened by Maher Nasser, Acting Head of the Department of Public Information, followed by a keynote speech delivered by Adam Synder of Burson-Marsteller on the results of the latest “Twiplomacy” study.
The three panels will be:
“Tweeting from the Top: Ambassadors and Digital Diplomacy”, “Making the Most of Social Media Platforms,” “Social Media Trends for 2015”.
Three short talks will also take place showing how three different organisations have used the power of digital media to create online movements through strategic storytelling and community generated content.
American journalist Peter Lavelle, host of RT's CrossTalk (debate program) interviews Colin Bradford, Former Chief Economist of the United States Agency for International Development | Research Professor of Economics and International Relations Distinguished Economist in Residence at American University (1998-2004)
Peter Lavelle: When you think of the G20, it started because of a very important crisis in 2008 and I think most of us would commend what was done there; at least it stopped the crisis, or started slowing it down. But ever since then, what has it really accomplished? And can it accomplish much?
Colin Bradford: Right. I think what people overlook in these summits it the degree to which there is a work program underneath the leaders meeting which is driven by the leaders themselves. In other words, the work program of ministers of finance, central bank presidents, ministers of employment, ministers of environment, ministers of foreign affairs and ministries of those various sectors is driven by the preparations for the summit and the aftermath of them. And that's a non trivial event. The leaders meetings are important for what they say among each other, some of which gets out to the media and some of which does not. And they are important in the sense that they are actions forcing events that pushes the agenda higher; the Australians did a good job at getting a commitment to incrementally increase global growth by 2018 by 2 percentage points by trying to close the gap between what is called the potential rate of growth and the actual rate of growth. And some important things happended in infrastructure and other issues in Brisbane.
To see the real relevance to the people's lives and to the way governments work as you now you have 20 of the most important governments in the world co-operating across a host of issues on great detail week after week, month after month, that I think you have to see that underneath the surface of the water not just the tip of the iceburg.
Peter Lavelle: Ok John, what are the commonalities, because in 2008 the whole world didn't need the entire financial system to collapse and they worked together.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_G-20_Washington_summit (The first G20 summit)
The 2008 G-20 Washington Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy took place on November 14–15, 2008, in Washington, D.C., United States. It achieved general agreement amongst the G-20 on how to cooperate in key areas so as to strengthen economic growth, deal with the 2008 financial crisis, and lay the foundation for reform to avoid similar crises in the future. The Summit resulted from an initiative by the French and European Union President, Nicolas Sarkozy, and the British Prime Minister, Gordon Brown. In connection with the G7 finance ministers on October 11, 2008, United States President George W. Bush stated that the next meeting of the G-20 would be important in finding solutions to the economic crisis.