2015-12-17: Signing of the Libyan Political Agreement - Government of National Accord



(Twitter links)






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@FedericaMog Signature of #Libya Political Agreement: historic step towards restoring peace & stability for Libyans bit.ly/1JeWaHI



"The EU stands ready to offer immediate and substantial support in a number of different areas that will be prioritised together with the Libyan authorities: a 100 million euro aid package is already available including for the delivery of services the Libyan population urgently needs."


.@JohnKerry: We salute the Libyan leaders who came together to sign an agreement that will establish a unified govt. go.usa.gov/ckWyv



"the United States and the international community are ready to support the implementation of the Political Agreement and to provide full backing for the unified government, as well as technical, economic, security, and counterterrorism assistance."



2015-10-09: Proposal of nominees for the Presidency Council of the Libyan Government of National Accord


Names of Libyan Government of National Accord Proposed: Excerpts from Leon’s presser in Skhirat, 08 October 2015: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3543&ctl=Details&mid=6187&ItemID=2099277&language=en-US …



#UNSG Ban Ki-moon welcomes nominees proposal for Presidency Council of #Libya's Government of National Accord: unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?t…



2015-09-21: Libyan Political Agreement text finalized

Leon: Final Text of #LibyanPoliticalAgreement Ready; Candidates for Government After Eid: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3543&ctl=Details&mid=6187&ItemID=2099254&language=en-US …

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UN, EU, Arab League offer their support for the Libyan people

Extremists are taking advantage of the security vacuum in Libya, EU is ready to support Government of National Accord europa.eu/!uW34HB


UN urges Libyans to unite against terrorism





Secretary General of the Arab League urges for support of efforts


[Information on the account: "Latest news from General Secretariat of the League of Arab States. Profile run by Media Dept. at Arab League"]


#ليبيا:دعا د.نبيل العربي إلى اتخاذ تدابير عاجلة لدعم جهود الحكومة الليبية المؤقتة وإيقاف المجازر الوحشية في مدينة سرت

Translated by https://translate.google.com/

Brutality in the city of Sirte # Libya: Dr. Nabil Elaraby called for urgent measures to support the interim Libyan government and efforts to stop the massacres




Two-Day Libyan Political Dialogue Round Concludes in Geneva, 12 August 2015



UN envoy urges political will, says parties in #Libya can reach settlement by month’s end bit.ly/1HEFU0i pic.twitter.com/Mqe8y0oFn1

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Leon: All actors are around the table and we had to delay resuming talks to try to bring everybody onboard


Leon: All the participants in the dialogue are here . I have met with most of them. I will continue to meet all of them here


Leon: Listening to everybody and addressing the concerns of all the parties has been the reason for success so far


Leon @UNGeneva: We intend to discuss the annexes in next 3 weeks.We would like the GNC & all to give the benefit of the doubt to the process


Leon: We are proposing the parties to work, on the coming 3 weeks, to have agreement on annexes & unity government, by end of August. 1/2


2-Day Libyan Political Dialogue Round Concludes in Geneva, 12 August 2015. Details here: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3543&ctl=Details&mid=6187&ItemID=2099184&language=en-US …

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2015-08-01:UNSMIL consulations with GNC 

Leon Holds Consultations with General National Congress Representatives in Algerian Capital: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3543&ctl=Details&mid=6187&ItemID=2099173&language=en-US …



2015-08-03: EU Humanitarian Aid to Libya

.@EU_Commission gives €6 million for humanitarian needs in #Libya. http://europa.eu/!wQ48uD  cc @StylianidesEU @eu_echo







Towards a Libyan National Accord Government:

Majority of Libyan dialogue participants sign provisional Libyan Political Agreement  - GNC asks for amendments



Initialing of the Libyan Political Agreement, Skhirat, Morocco 11 July 2015. 1/3






Written by : Abdul Sattar Hatita  on : Monday, 13 Jul, 2015



Libya currently has two parliaments, the General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli and the internationally recognized House of Representatives in the eastern city of Tobruk. Each side has appointed its own government and is also backed by an armed faction.


Saturday’s agreement was signed between members of the House of Representatives and some officials from the capital Tripoli and the western city of Misrata. The latter are allies of Libyan Dawn, the Islamist armed faction supporting the GNC.


The deal proposes a one-year unity government with a council of ministers headed by a prime minister and two deputies. This body would have executive powers in the country.


Members of the GNC would form the majority of a 120-member State Council, but the House of Representatives would act the legislative authority in the country.


It is this latter point which the GNC has objected to and has been a point of contention since both sides met for the first time for the UN-sponsored talks in Skhirat at the end of June.


But Mowafaq Hawas, one of the GNC’s representatives at the talks, told Reuters his side was “still in the dialogue, but we don’t really understand why they are rushing to sign before all the parties agree.”


At the deal-signing ceremony in Skhirat, Special UN Envoy Bernardino León said “the doors will remain open for those who have chosen not to be here.”








The text of the agreement in English and Arabic is provided by this link


By Jennifer R. Williams  Wednesday, June 10, 2015

As reported by VOA:

The draft calls for the forming of a Tripoli-based National Accord Government, to be worked out between the negotiators.


The internationally recognized parliament, known as the House of Representatives, would remain in place as the official legislature. The Islamist-dominated Tripoli-based parliament would be dissolved, but 90 of its members would be included in a new 120-member body known as the High Council of State. The draft says that council would be the “highest consultative body” and that its opinion would be binding on drafting laws and government decisions.


The draft calls for a mechanism to integrate militias into the armed forces, something successive governments have failed to do. It calls for the National Accord Government to act as an executive authority with control over vital state institutions and crossings, though for nearly four years governments have been unable to exert such authority.



Most detailed resource





The presence of six mayors, including from the country’s three main cities (Tripoli, Benghazi and Misrata), and representatives of two main political parties, the liberal-leaning National Forces Alliance (Tahaluf al-Quwwat al-Wataniya) and the Muslim Brotherhood-led Justice & Construction Party (Adala wa Binaa), at the signing ceremony was further evidence that many constituencies support the deal. Other negotiating tracks, representing municipal councils, political parties and women, also signalled their backing, as did Libya’s neighbours and the wider international community.




The GNC has indicated it wants the State Council to have equal weight to the HoR in approving legislation and making appointments to key state positions, including the heads of Libya’s financial and oil institutions and its public prosecutor. It also demands that decisions taken by the HoR since August 2014 be invalidated. At the heart of this request is its fear that the HoR will not cancel its appointment of General Khalifa Haftar, the pro-GNC camp’s chief military opponent, as head of the Libyan armed forces.


(...) without key GNC figures backing the deal there is a real risk of a military escalation in the capital. Their continued participation is essential to ensure that the Tripoli-based militias also support it. 



Such agreement is unlikely to be reached unless the UN team reaches out to and engages the regional actors who have some influence on the Libyan parties, Egypt and the UAE for the HoR, Turkey and Qatar for the GNC.




One of the UN-led process’s main shortcomings has been the absence of a parallel security track that could have created a forum to bridge rival armed groups. While some progress has been made in creating points of contact between opposing armed factions in north-western Libya, thanks to the involvement of tribal leaders and local military commanders’ goodwill, a broader dialogue between the military coalitions in the east and west never kicked off. As for the south, no attempt has been made to even start reaching out to armed groups there.







SRSG Leon Address at the ceremony of initialing the Libyan Political Agreement: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=3543&ctl=Details&mid=6187&ItemID=2098463&language=en-US …


SRSG Leon Address at the ceremony of initialing the Libyan Political Agreement

(As delivered)
Skhirat, Morocco, 11 July 2015




This text is a comprehensive framework that will allow Libya to complete the transition that started in 2011 by building common ground and reconciling a range of diverse interests; with this agreement you have outlined the principles, the institutions and the decision-making mechanisms to complete a transition until the adoption of a permanent constitution. 

This political agreement is the outcome of many months of negotiations to which Libyan representatives present here today have contributed through their relentless efforts. But this text is also the result of many who are not here and that have offered their contributions through the different tracks in the process, municipal representatives – some of them here tonight - political parties – some of them here tonight - women and activists, which have gathered in Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Switzerland and at the European Union in Brussels. The support of neighbouring countries and many others represented tonight has been really important. Let me just mention four of them, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Qatar. It could be a long list of countries that have been contributing to these efforts.

I want to emphasise, and let me please really enhance this message: the door remains open for those who chose not to be here today. They also have played a crucial role in developing this text. As I have said many times, no text can be perfect, and it cannot meet the expectations of all parties given their conflicting demands and the constraints of time. I am confident that in the weeks ahead we will clarify the issues that remain contentious and address the outstanding concerns. I am confident that the moderate voices will hear the call for peace of their Libyan brothers and will work constructively to end the political and institutional divisions which are causing so much suffering to the Libyan people. I am also persuaded that the logic of peace will prevail in the General National Congress, as it has been the case until now.

You will need to reach consensus on the annexes, which will contain important provisions and form an integral part of this agreement.



Journal of past events at the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Page



UN-facilitated Libyan Dialogue: Towards a draft for a Unity Government for the first week of June


Excerpts from SRSG Bernardino Leon’s Press Conference in Brussels, Thursday 28 May 2015: unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?t…



Selected excerpts:

"It has to be a Libyan-owned process, a Libyan-Libyan solution with the support of the International community

"Will this support, will these elements of the new draft will be enough to get the agreement of everybody and reach an agreement in the coming 3, 4 weeks? Difficult to say. The situation is not easy. But definitely the idea that I would like to enhance today is that there a chance, there is a possibility … Libyans have this very clear idea that the only solution, the only alternative is this political agreement, and also that the country is running out of time. Libya is on the verge of economic and financial collapse, is facing a huge security threat because of civil war, but also, I would say more important today, because of Daesh threat. Daesh is trying to build strong bases in Libya. Libya also is facing an increasing political division with these competing institutions in the east and in the west, so all these challenges will oppose the possibility of an agreement. This is the context in which we are working, the context in which we are proposing this agreement and in three, four weeks we will see whether it is working or not."


Liz Sly retweeted [Washington Post Beirut bureau chief ] 2015-05-29
Bel Trew - بل ترو @Beltrew [Middle East journalist writing for The Times and The Sunday Times among others]
 #ISIS in W. #Libya confirm they have completely taken #Sirte,military air base as well as the Man-Made River project 


UN-facilitated Libyan Municipalities Dialogue


UNSMIL-facilitated meeting of representatives of Libyan municipalities & Local councils in Tunis, Tunisia 29/05/2015


Tunisian FM Taieb Baccouche during the opening session of #Libyan municipalities' Reps.meeting in Tunis 29/05/2015 


(picture from tweet in arabic)



Libyan Local Authorities Driving Solutions

#UNSMIL Welcomes #Misrata-#Tawergha Agreement at #Tunis Meeting 27-28 May 2015: Details about this meeting here: unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?t…


Information from wikipedia on “Mistrata” and “Tawergha”: 
Misrata is the third-largest city in Libya, after Tripoli and Benghazi. It is a commercial hub of Libya. Tawergha lies on the road from Sirte (Muammar Gaddafi's hometown) to the city of Misrata. As a result, during the Libyan Civil War, Tawergha was used as a centre of military operations against Misrata, which rose up against Gaddafi in February 2011.



Excerpt of the agreement of these local authorities:

“In light of the clear absence of the role of State and successive governments with regards to the activation of transitional justice and national reconciliation, for reasons that are not possible to elaborate here, it has become imperative that local authorities, assisted by the people and civil society organizations, maintain the interest of the homeland and citizens. Complementing previous steps initiated by honest men of this homeland, the delegations of Misrata and Tawergha met for two consecutive days in Tunis under the sponsorship of the Human Rights Division of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and reached the following agreement:”










Libyan Civil Society Organizations Mapping launched: Joint Cooperation between @UNDP and @UNICEF. details here:unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?t…
"Libyan Civil Society Organizations Mapping launched: Joint Cooperation between UNDP and UNICEF"
"Tunis, Tunisia, 19 May 2015 - UNDP and UNICEF jointly launched the Libyan Civil Society Organizations’ mapping report providing a detailed database with information on the nature of activities in the cities of Tripoli, Benghazi, Misrata, Zawiya and Zuwara. The results will serve as a useful reference for relevant stakeholders in their developmental and humanitarian interventions in Libya."






24 Apr 2015
"Together For Children" @UnicefLibya’s National Campaign in #Libya: Details on this link: unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspxt…






UNSMIL @UNSMILibya · 2015-03-24
UNSMIL Presents to Libyan Parties Ideas on Ways to End Political Crisis& Military Conflict, Hopes to Expedite Talks:


"24 March 2015 - After weeks of discussions with all the parties and in light of the deteriorating military situation that threatens with further escalation as progress is made in the political dialogue, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya Bernardino Leon visited both Tobruk and Tripoli where he presented some ideas to expedite the talks.

These ideas are first and foremost Libyan, formulated after wide discussions with the parties. They address the concerns of all sides while at the same time all of the sides are asked to make concessions."





EU External Action retweeted
Federica Mogherini @FedericaMog · Mar 23
Hosting important meeting of mayors of #Libya today in Brussels with Bernardino Leon: need to unite to save the country, EU ready to support



Michael Aron @HMAMichaelAron 2015-03-23
[British Ambassador to #Libya]
 32 mayors & reps from 25 municipalities in #Libya: Benghazi Tripoli Zintan Kufra Gharyan Misrata Tobruk Ajdabiya pic.twitter.com/JLMKiYm2Nj



EU External Action @eu_eeas · 2015-03-23



Opening remarks by @FedericaMog at the Libyan Municipalities Dialogue Meeting http://europa.eu/!uD84yQ  #Libya #EU



"We had in Brussels a few days ago a meeting of businessmen, from different cities, I think from many of your cities, saying basically we are ready to start rebuild the country. Libya is a rich country, it is a very rich country, it can be a very rich country. But we need peace and we need some sort of unity to start this process. And this process has to be Libyan, it cannot be international, we now that very well. What we can do is accompanying, supporting, being ready to support in all needed ways, but the process has to be Libyan-led. The responsibility in the end is, first of all, in your hands. I say your hands because I believe that majors and municipalities really have an important, strong, political role to play.

We also discussed this with the Foreign Ministers and I am going to report back to them on the 20th of April, which means in less than one month, on possible concrete ways in which the European Union can support the outcome - so all of them would be called to support you in the process ahead.



We are ready to, as I said, assist, help, support, in ways that you will have to define, you with other Libyan leaders. We are also ready to do more to support your concrete work in the municipalities. We have allocated 3 million euros for a programme to support municipalities. And I think that we can explore further support, different ways of supporting, including for instance twinning with cities in Europe that could be ready to accompany developments in your cities. But we need a political agreement to start."











03 March 2015 - The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) announces that the next round of political dialogue will take place later this week in Morocco, after all the invited parties agreed to participate.


The parties have formally communicated their decision to take part in the dialogue following close consultations with Special Representative of the Secretary-General Bernardino Leon during his visit to Tobruk and Tripoli on 2 March 2015.               (…)


The parties agreed to UNSMIL’s proposal that the upcoming round of talks focus on the following agenda items: 
1) formation of a government of national unity, including the discussion about the future prime minister and deputy prime ministers; 
2) security arrangements to pave the way for a comprehensive ceasefire, the phased withdrawal of all armed groups from towns and cities, measures for weapons and arms control, and adequate monitoring and implementation mechanisms; and 
3) the completion of the constitution drafting process within clear timelines.

The Mission also calls for an immediate cessation of hostilities to create a conducive environment for the talks. All parties are urged to desist from engaging in reciprocal attacks that only serve to escalate tensions and contribute to further violence.            (…)


Welcoming the important decision taken by Libya’s political leaders to return to the negotiating table, UNSMIL once again reiterates its commitment to ensuring a transparent Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political dialogue process         (…)


UNMSIL hopes to continue meetings in Libya as agreed by all participants.











The need for a ceasefire in support of Political dialogue agreed to at preparatory security meeting


01 March 2015 - A delegation from the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) met with the head of Joint operations room, heads of regional operations rooms and the field Commanders of Operations Libya Dawn and Sunrise in the city of Zuwara on Thursday 26 February 2015 to discuss ways to move forward on ceasefire proposals in support of the UN-facilitated political dialogue.


The participants agreed on the principle of a ceasefire and underlined the need to end the bloodshed in Libya and engage in dialogue.


The participants stressed that a peaceful solution through dialogue is the only way out of the crisis.


The talks at Zuwara came in the framework of preparatory security discussions, a parallel process that supports the main political dialogue track.






Ghedames, Libya - 11 February 2015 - A political dialogue round facilitated by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) convened in the City of Ghedames on Wednesday 11 February 2015.


For the first time, all invited participants attended the talks, which were conducted in a constructive and positive atmosphere.








UN Geneva @UNGeneva  Feb 01

After 4 months of intense work @UNSMILibya brought the #Libya sides to the conflict to the table in Geneva. Watch:http://youtu.be/pwF0T7hDECw


UNSMIL, United Nations Support Mission in Libya

UNSMIL @UNSMILibya · Jan 29

#UNSMIL Video: UN-Facilitated political dialogue for peace in #Libya. political dialogue's phases & interviews: http://youtu.be/pwF0T7hDECw 


According to an Economist article: “In the end, it is for the Libyans to save Libya. Their task should be far easier than it is for, say, the Syrians, Iraqis or Yemenis, because Libya is a rich country with a small population that is fairly homogeneous in terms of religion, class and ethnicity. But they still need help.”


Using as a reference, the opinion expressed in the video by Bernardino Leon, Special Representative of the Secretary General, UNSMIL, the objective of the UN-facilitated dialogue is to create trust between the different parties. One should not be eager for immediate results. If trust is established, results will eventually follow.


Along the lines of the need to establish trust among different parties, Michael Møller, Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva wrote on 2015-01-30  http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/michael-moller-/who-are-you-going-to-trus_b_6581236.html :


“If we do not honestly address the lack of trust as a basic driver of violence, we miss the point. “

“We need to rebuild trust through legitimate leadership, justice and accountability so we all have institutions, systems and processes we can trust. We need to build trust in individuals that they belong to our community, that they make a difference and that they matter. This is the fundamental step in creating the necessary virtuous circle where trust leads to responsibility and response.”

“Creating trust is at the heart of what the United Nations does: from building trust between nations, to trust between people and their leaders; from trust in public health and education programmes to trust in international treaties.”


Statements from the UN video "UN-facilitated dialogue for peace in Libya"


Al-Sharif al Wafee Mohammed: We hope that Libya can return to stability through these talks. We prepared in a positive mood with all the brotherly parties and were even debating each other on the airplane coming here. Everyone's loyalty is to the homeland and nothing else. People have got to a point of exhaustion, whether due to those who were killed or injured or the suffering of those who were made homeless since February, or those currently suffering inside their homes without electricity, gas, water, fuel or other necessities.


Mohammed Ali Shuaeb: If we can achieve a full governement acceptable by all, that will be 60-70% of the issue done with.


Muin Shreim, Director of Political Section, UNSMIL: We came up with very satisfactory documents: Guiding Principles, Confidences between mayors. So, we achieved more than we expected from this round. We are looking forward to the second one. (Refers to the talks that took place this week).


Bernardino Leon: Very positive, very constructive atmosphere. Everyone is providing good ideas, in a very polite way, a very constructive way. It is an excellent atmosphere for the talks.


Suleiman Mohammed al-Faqeeh: These snowflakes resemble Libyan hearts in their purity. Though some media or actions by some individuals may give a different impression, the Libyans are acting as one family here. And as we always say, Libya is our country, our city and our tribe. If we disagreed on anything, it's how to get our countrly to being on equal footing with other countries of the world. But the aim is always the same: May God protect Libya and give it stability and security.





Fathi Bashagha: We discussed the criteria for forming a national unity government, including the political, international and economic programs, as well as how to achieve national reconciliation and transitional justice and provide services to citizens.




Snow is falling on our shoulders here in Geneva. And then we will move to discussing these issues in the desert pehaps to Ghadames, Ghat, Jaly or Aujla and this reflects the coming together of the world in establishing peace.



To find out more about the talks from the press releases of the UNSMIL, you can start from this article (2015-01-09) and navigate using the "Previous" button.








Sabrina Bellosi @sabellosi 
[Deputy head of Strategic Communication at EEAS and adviser to EU HR/VP Federica Mogherini  2015-03-17]
EU-Tunisia. @FedericaMog signs with Taieb Baccouche the Protocol for the participation of Tunisia to EU programs. pic.twitter.com/C4qrV299hk

Picture Tweeted by Catherine Ray @CatherineEUspox

EU External Action retweeted 2015-03-17
EU Council TV News ‏@EUCouncilTVNews 
#EU#Tunisia Association Council Press Point @eu_eeas@FedericaMog@TunisieDiplo#Baccouche http://bit.ly/1xaIc9n 
Released 13/02/2015
EU-Tunisia relationship emphasises close cooperation on democratic reform, economic modernisation, and migration issues, under the European Neighbourhood Policy. Tunisia and the EU are bound by the legally binding treaty in the form of an Association agreement.