Hybrid threats include among others cyberspace operations, informational campaigns and operations under the Radar.


On 2017-04-11 the Center of Excellence for Hybrid Threats #HybridCoE was established, a multinational, multidisciplinary center for analyses to be operated by the following EU and/or NATO countries: Britain, Finland, France, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden, and the United States.



In accordance with the EU-NATO joint declaration, we can expect progress soon on the EU Hybrid Fusion Cell and the relevant NATO counterpart.


"Concrete measures will be put in place by May 2017 to enhance staff-to-staff sharing of time critical information between the EU Hybrid Fusion Cell and the relevant NATO counterpart including by exchanging the analysis of potential hybrid threats. This will include the establishment of technical means to allow systematic exchange of information relating to hybrid threats".


Which structure would be the US counterpart?
Possibly, "Fusion Centers" of the Department of Homeland Security: 




2017-04-11 Establishment of the European Center of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats #HybridCoE


Center for Hybrid Threats in Finland

A multinational, multidisciplany center for analyses to be operated by the following EU and/or NATO countries :

Britain, Finland, France, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden, and the United States

More countries expected to come on board.

It will form a network of experts from the participating countries.

Finland supplies half of the budget.


Reuters http://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-defence-hybrid-idUSKBN17D1S6


Twitter moment: https://twitter.com/i/moments/edit/852218594813517826



(...) hybrid attacks could be “diplomatic, military, technological or financial in their nature.” Hybrid warfare means blending conventional and irregular warfare, alongside with cyberwarfare, propaganda and other indirect means.





Thu, 01/12/2016

EU High Representative Federica Mogherini unveils the European Defence Action Plan. More


 Press release |  FAQs |  Factsheet


Some comments:


1. There is an increasing demand for the European Union as a global security provider.

2. We cannot let France defend EU honor at Mali alone.

3. Member states can save collectively EUR 25 billion and EUR 100 billion by sharing or pooling resources, avoinding duplicate resources and doing bulk orders.

4. Federica Mogherini at Bratislava summit: "EU spends or invests in defence more or less 50 per cent of the budget that the US invests in defence. Still our output is not 50 per cent, but is 15 per cent. This means that we are lacking the economy of scale. This is something that can be addressed through more cooperation on the basis of the industrial initiatives and especially looking at research, technology and innovation on the field of defence.”


#EUDefence Action Plan: Questions and Answers | Why is the European Defence Action Plan (EDAP) needed? europa.eu/!Pn84vW



#EUDefence -More cooperation between Member States and greater pooling of national resources. Europe needs to take care of its own security.



#EUDefence: Business case for defence spending & greater cooperation | How will the European Defence Fund work? europa.eu/!cM93uR -pdf



@infobook tweet



Components of the EU Security and Defence Policy





European Agenda on Security - Security Union



First montly progress report on Security Union




2016-10-12: First montly progress report on Security Union

Press conference by J. King, Commissioner for the Security Union and D.Avramopoulos, Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship




Big EU guys to bring everyone to security excellence


Excerpt from press release:

"In the report you will find a particular passage about PNR- the Passenger Name Record arrangements - which after extensive discussion were agreed and everybody has now accepted that by spring 2018 we need to have this system operational and that means we need to have built the IT and other infrastructure that is necessary to make PNR effective. A number of Member States (unfortunately not that many) are in that position already, or will be soon, with the necessary infrastructure. A significant number have plans in hand, but 11 Member States[1] do not yet have plans in hand to be able to implement effectively by spring 2018. Here is an example where we at the EU level can help Member States to implement effectively: we can help with funding, we can help with expertise and advice and we can help by facilitating peer to peer exchanges where that expertise and advice is in another Member State."



2016-11-16: Second montly progress report on Security Union


Excerpt from press release:


"Commissioner for the Security Union, Julian King, said: 'A few days ago, Europe marked the one-year anniversary of the horrendous attacks in Paris, where reactivated military assault weapons were used with devastating effect. It is high time to finalise the legislative work on the revision of the Firearms Directive and remove military grade automatic Kalashnikov type weapons from wider circulation. The report also calls on co-legislators to complete two other packages before the end of year: the new Counterterrorism Directive and the revision of the Schengen Border Code. Taken together, these rules can make a real difference on the ground, including when facing the threat posed by returning foreign terrorist fighters, and will help authorities protect citizens across Europe more effectively'."







Recent actions on Security and Defence EU actions as presented by Jean-Claude Juncker at the NATO Summit on 2016-07-08



  • Presentation of EU's Global Strategy on Security and Foreign Policy to Heads of State and Government (2016-07-03), to EUCO (2016-06-28) (tweet, tweet2)
  • Launch of strategy on hybrid threats (2016-04-06). J.C.Juncker: “European External Action Service is now working closely with NATO to take this forward, especially when it comes to detecting and responding to hybrid threats.”
  • Launch of new public-private partnership on cybersecurity (2016-07-05). Over the next four years, we aim to mobilise 1.8 billion euros in new investment.
  • Amendment of Instrument for Stability and Peace at beginning of July.
  • Effective maritime cooperation with NATO has already shown its effectiveness. As part of our response to the refugee crisis, NATO works closely with the EU's military Operation Sophia and the EU's border management agency, Frontex, to conduct intelligence and surveillance in the Aegean Sea.
  • Research and Defence Industry: Financing new research into technologies that support the defence industry. A preparatory action worth 90 million euros is already agreed.




2016-04-06: Adoption of Joint Framework on countering hybrid threats 


Press release

European Commission @EU_Commission 2016-04-06 

EU strengthens response to hybrid threats: 

europa.eu/!by74jp #SecurityEU @FedericaMog @EBienkowskaEU @NATO

tweet link

Fact Sheet

FAQs; Joint Framework on countering hybrid threats



What are hybrid threats?

"The concept of hybrid threats aims to capture the mixture of conventional and unconventional, military and non-military, overt and covert actions that can be used in a coordinated manner by state or non-state actors to achieve specific objectives while remaining below the threshold of formally declared warfare.


They target critical vulnerabilities and seek to create ambiguity in order to hinder swift and effective decision-making.


The range of measures applied as part of a hybrid campaign may be very wide: from cyberattacks on critical information systems, through the disruption of critical services, such as energy supplies or financial services, to undermining public trust in government institutions or exploiting social vulnerabilities."


"Cybersecurity, critical infrastructure, protecting the financial system from illicit use and efforts to counter violent extremism and radicalisation."



Structure for Hybrid Threats:  "EU Hybrid Fusion Cell"

Creation of a EU Hybrid Fusion Cell within the EU Intelligence and Situation Centre (EU INTCEN) of the European External Action Service (EEAS).


"The Fusion Cell will receive, analyse and share classified and open source information from different stakeholders within the EEAS, the Commission and Member States specifically relating to indicators and warnings concerning hybrid threats."


"In liaison with relevant bodies at the EU and at national level, the Fusion Cell would analyse external aspects of hybrid threats, affecting the EU and its neighbourhood, in order to rapidly analyse relevant incidents and inform the EU's strategic decision-making processes, including by providing inputs to the security risk assessments carried out at EU level."


"The Cell would enhance awareness and provide inputs to security risk assessment processes which support policy-making at national and EU levels."



Document - Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council

Joint Framework on countering hybrid threats - a European Union response






EU Security and Defense

(EEAS site)





Military and Civilian Missions and Operations


EU has 17 missions and operations as well as the instrument “Battlegroups”. Among them, the Mediterranean “Operation Sophia”, the Libya operation EUBAM and also the Sahel missions were discussed with the NATO Secretary General in the Bratislava summit in September 2016.


@infobookcom tweet