European Neighbourhood Policy

 

http://eeas.europa.eu/enp/index_en.htm

"Through its European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the EU works with its southern and eastern neighbours to achieve the closest possible political association and the greatest possible degree of economic integration."

 

 

16 ENP Countries – 12 Agreed On Action Plans (Full Partners)

 

European Commission @EU_Commission 2015-03-04
More information on the consultation towards a new #EUNeighbourhood Policy: europa.eu/!hG34ny#ENPreview

pic.twitter.com/Gjm7CRlhRL

 

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-15-4548_en.htm

 

Background on ENP:

(…) "The ENP was designed in 2003 to develop closer relations between the EU and its neighbouring countries. 

It covers to the South: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Tunisia; 
to the East: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine."

(Note:Special status for Russia).

 

"The objective of the ENP, revised in 2011 following the events in the Arab world, is to support partners who undertake reforms towards democracy, rule of law and human rights; to contribute to their inclusive economic development and to promote a partnership with societies alongside the relations with governments. The renewed ENP is strengthening cooperation in the political and security spheres, to support economic and social development, creation of growth and jobs, boosting trade and enhance cooperation in other sectors."


"The new European Neighbourhood Instrument(ENI), with a budget of €15.4 billion for the period 2014-2020, provides the bulk of funding to the 16 ENP partner countries. The incentive-based approach provides for flexibility in modulating financial assistance on the basis of progress of individual countries towards democracy and respect of human rights.

 

 

The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENT)

http://www.enpi-info.eu/ENI

 

EU Neighbourhood Info Center

http://www.enpi-info.eu/index.php      cf. EuroMed(iterranean) Portal

 

 

http://eeas.europa.eu/enp/index_en.htm

"Partner countries agree with the EU an ENP action plan or an Association Agenda demonstrating their commitment to democracy, human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development. The EU supports the achievement of these objectives.

  • financial support – grants worth €12 bn were given to ENP-related projects from 2007 to 2013

  • economic integration and access to EU markets – in 2011 trade between the EU and its ENP partners totalled €230bn

  • easier travel to the EU – 3.2 m Schengen visas were issued to citizens, and in particular to students from ENP countries in 2012

  • technical and policy support

The EU also supports the civil society which plays an important role in bringing about deep and sustainable democracy in partner countries.

ENP countries"

 

Of the 16 ENP countries:

12 are currently are already fully participating as partners in the ENP, having agreed on ENP action plans:

Algeria is currently negotiating an ENP action plan

BelarusLibya and Syria remain outside most of the structures of ENP.

 

 

Implementation & monitoring

"The action plans build on existing legal agreements with the EU – partnership & cooperation agreements (PCAs) or association agreements (AAs). Implementation is monitored through committees set up by these agreements. Once a year, the European External Action Service and the European Commission publish ENP progress reports assessing the progress made towards the objectives of the Action Plans and the Association Agendas."

 

"The European External Action Service and the European Commission publish yearly ENP progress reports."

Latest reports were published on 25 March 2015.

 

"At the last review of its European Neighbourhood Policy in 2010-11, the EU introduced the more-for-more principle: the EU will develop stronger partnerships and offer greater incentives to countries that make more progress towards democratic reform – free and fair elections, freedom of expression, of assembly and of association, judicial independence, fight against corruption and democratic control over the armed forces.

 

 

Multilateral partnerships

The ENP is chiefly a bilateral policy between the EU and each partner country. But it is complemented by regional and multilateral cooperation initiatives:

 

 

Implementation of European Neighbourhood Policy with ENP Partner Countries: Adoption of the 2014 European Neighbourhood Reports

EU External Action@eu_eeas  2015-03-25

.@FedericaMog & @EU_Commission on implementation of European Neighbourhood Policy #ENP w/ 16 partner countries http://europa.eu/!qu47wH

Excerpts from the link of above tweet

Brussels, 25 March 2015

 

"In a set of annual reports adopted today, the European Commission and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy assessed the implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) with the 16 partner countries in the East and the South and made recommendations for the year ahead."

 

"The political assessments and economic evaluations, and the conclusions drawn in the 2014 ENP reports published today will assist the European Union in evaluating its approach towards the region as a whole. We are currently consulting widely on the way ahead for this policy[1] with a view to developing more effective ways of working with these key partners for the benefit of the EU and our neighbours themselves".

 

Reports adopted for:

South: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia

East: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine

[2] In the absence of an Association Agenda or an ENP Action Plan, country reports have not been drafted on Algeria, Belarus, Libya and Syria.