The European Union's Cooperation with Africa on migration



European Commission @EU_Commission

22 Apr 2015
Facts and figures: the European Union's cooperation with Africa on migration!RD66cy#migrationEU






7th College-to-College meeting | Joint Declaration | Brussels, 22 April 2015


Pdf available at the link of the following tweet:

European Commission @EU_Commission

23 Apr 2015

Joint declaration of @_AfricanUnion Commission &!Pm46qf




 Excerpts from the document using same numbering:


1. Partnership: 2007 Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES).


2. 4th EU-Africa Summit (April 2014) - Roadmap 2014-2017


3 and 4. 7th College-to-College meeting took place in Brussels on 22 April 2015. Participation of African Regional Economic Communities (RECs), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the European Investment Bank (EIB).


5. We welcomed the adoption of Africa’s Agenda 2063 and took note of the ongoing elaboration process of its First Ten Year Implementation Plan and of its financing strategy.



Peace and Security

8. Within our respective competences, we will intensify joint work to address conflict and crisis situations such as:

a) support to the implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework Agreement for the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Great Lakes;

b) the completion of the transitional roadmap in the Central African Republic;

c) the pursuit of the inter-Malian dialogue and reconciliation process as well as

d) the implementation of the broader Sahel Strategy, including addressing challenges in the Gulf of Guinea and the Lake Chad region;

e) the consolidation of peace and security in Somalia notably through the African Peace Facility;

f) and supporting mediation efforts to overcome the crises in South Sudan and

g) and Libya, where we call for the parties to reach an agreement as a matter of urgency.


We welcome the first joint mission by the African Union Peace and Security Council and the European Union Political and Security Committee to Mali in February 2015 as well as the close cooperation between respective Special Envoys/Special Representatives in the Horn of Africa, Mali/Sahel, Libya and the Great Lakes Region.


12. We will continue to work together to combat the spread of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in the fight against illicit accumulation and trafficking of firearms in Africa. We would welcome the participation of EU and African States at the First Conference of States Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty in Mexico in August 2015.


13. We will pursue our joint cooperation towards the operationalisation of the African Peace and Security Architecture, including African-led Peace Support Operations, as well as Security Sector Reform in post-conflict countries.



Democracy, Good Governance and Human Rights

14. We reaffirm our joint commitment to the operationalisation of the African Governance Architecture and to a strong African Human Rights System that is accessible to African citizens. We will join efforts in encouraging AU Member States to ratify and domesticate all AU legal instruments, in particular in the area of democracy, good governance and human rights, and will further collaborate in the area of elections, including between our observation missions on the ground, and on the fight against corruption.


We reaffirm our particular determination to achieve the objectives of the 2015 African Year of Women's Empowerment.


15. We agree to hold our next human rights dialogue in the margins of the Banjul Commission


Human Development

17. We will continue to cooperate to maximise the benefits of science, technology and innovation to address the joint challenges of eradicating poverty and promoting sustainable development. In this regard, the progress made towards a jointly funded EUAfrica Research and Innovation Partnership with a focus on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture is most welcome. It responds to our respective policy goals for agriculture and food systems as set out in the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy and the long-term AU Agenda 2063 with its instruments, namely the Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa (STISA - 2024) and the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).


21. We will intensify our dialogue and cooperation to implement the EU-Africa Declaration on Migration and Mobility adopted at the Summit in April 2014, giving particular attention to cooperation in this area as a shared responsibility.

a) We will cooperate on legal migration and mobility; preventing and tackling irregular migration in particular by reinforcing the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants;

b) strengthening the synergies between migration and development including the role of the African diaspora; and promoting international protection; with full respect for fundamental human rights of migrants.

c) We will engage in particular to address root causes of irregular and forced migration. This will be done through Africa-EU dialogue, and concrete actions at the continental, regional and national level.


We welcome the engagement of countries of origin, transit and destination in the Khartoum and Rabat processes and we wish to engage together in better cooperation, including through development of actions in the field of trans-border cooperation, the fight against smuggling and trafficking networks and international protection. Furthermore, we will cooperate in the operationalisation of the African Institute for Remittances to enable safer, faster and cheaper remittance flows and help leverage remittances for the social and economic development of Africa.


22. We will pursue our efforts to support the Harmonisation of African Higher Education, with emphasis on Tuning and Quality Assurance and Accreditation including extending the process to 120 universities across Africa. We will also continue to cooperate in the development of centres of excellence under thePan-African University (PAU), notably the establishment of the PAU Institute for Space Sciences in South Africa.


Moreover, we underline the importance of technical and vocational education and training so as to ensure youth employability and empowerment.


Sustainable and Inclusive Development and Growth and Continental Integration

24. We will support the establishment of the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) in Africa, building on existing regional integration processes.

We are committed to a successful conclusion of the WTO Doha Development Agenda (DDA), with substantive outcomes on all DDA areas including development. We reaffirm our commitments towards the implementation of the trade facilitation agreement. In this regard, we call in particular on all parties to accelerate the ratification and entry into force of the Trade Facilitation Protocol, that can significantly contribute to the objectives of the CFTA and we encourage those in a position to do so to provide support for its implementation.


25. Recognising the important role of the private sector in attaining sustainable and inclusive growth, we will reinforce ongoing activities to promote private sector development in Africa and engage with the African and European business communities, including through Business Forums and Missions for Growth. We welcome the establishment of a new Africa Investment Facility which will help mobilise investments.


26. We will intensify our dialogue on industrialisation, including cooperation in mineral resources and geological surveys, responsible investment, taxation and domestic financial resources, statistics and infrastructure with a view to contributing to the Accelerating Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA) initiative.


27. We will continue our in-depth cooperation on infrastructure and jointly ensure crosssectoral coordination in relation to transport, energy, water and information and communication technologies (ICT). We endorse the statement by the Reference Group on Infrastructure, and we reaffirm our joint commitment to develop transport and ICTs, access to drinking water and sanitation, and to sustainable and affordable energy with a particular focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency in coherence with the Program for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), the European Development Policy and other guiding policy frameworks such as the UN SE4ALL initiative. Furthermore, we will address emerging themes such as sustainable smart cities and the related African demographic dividend issues.


28. We remain committed to our cooperation on information society by scaling up ongoing initiatives, exploiting synergies between the EU Digital Agenda and the AU ICT development frameworks, fostering approximation of legal and regulatory frameworks and enhancing interconnections between Africa and the EU.


29. We will continue our work on the extension of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems to Africa, notably to improve aviation safety.


30. We will keep sustainable agriculture at the forefront of our cooperation and we recognize the ambition and quality of the Declaration of AU Heads of State and Government in Malabo in 2014 aiming at food and nutrition security, ending hunger and halving poverty. We will continue supporting theComprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) as renewed in Malabo. We welcome the cross-cutting policy collaboration of theContact Group on Agriculture, Food Security and Food Safety that was mandated in the 2014-2017 Roadmap.


31. With the assistance of the “Better Training for Safer Food Programme”, we will focus on strengthening plant health management systems and supporting a robust cooperative framework for food safety as a basis for fostering intra-regional trade, which could lead to the creation of an African Food Safety Authority.


Global and Emerging Issues

35. We look forward to agreeing a new global partnership for implementing the post-2015 development agenda at the 3rd Financing for Development conference in Addis in July 2015.

Administrative and Financial cooperation

40. We welcome the adoption by the European Commission of an indicative amount of EUR 415 million under the Pan-African programme of theDevelopment Cooperation Instrument as a contribution to the implementation of the joint Roadmap for the period 2014-2017 and the continued efforts by the AUC with regard to the mobilisation of alternative sources of financing by the African Union.