EU Education and Training



Vocational Education and Training

Work-Based Learning

  1. Apprenticeships
  2. Traineeships, work placements, internships



European Commission ‏@EU_Commission  


European Alliance for Apprenticeships: 140 000 apprenticeships for young people #ApprenEU!Kx77QM



Why are apprenticeships important?

VET-systems with strong work-based learning, such as apprenticeships, are effective in easing the transition of young people into jobs. By alternating between school and work, the apprentice develops the skills and knowledge that employers are looking for. This benefits the companies which get a better access to skilled workers. Typically, 60-70% of apprentices secure employment immediately upon completion, and training firms usually recoup their training investments by the end or shortly after the training period[1]. Moreover, countries with strong apprenticeship systems tend to have less youth unemployment than others.


What has been achieved so far?

26 EU Member States' and 5 non EU countries have followed up by making national commitments on concrete steps to improve the quality, image and supply of apprenticeships.

84 pledges have been made by companies and business associations, chambers of commerce, industry and crafts, social partners, regional authorities, education and training providers, youth and non-profit organisations, think tanks and research institutes. Close to 200 companies are also involved through the business-led Alliance4Youth.


What was agreed today?



Have apprenticeships recently improved?

The Nestlé initiated Alliance for Youth, with close to 200 companies on board, announced in June 2015 that they had provided training and jobs for 50 000 young Europeans in one year, including 16 000 quality apprenticeships or internships.


How to get companies, in particular SMEs, on board?


How can organisations join the Alliance?

An organisation can join the European Alliance for Apprenticeships by making a short pledge, and sending it to


All pledges are published online.


As a member of the Alliance, an organisation benefits from being part of a European network on apprenticeships, sharing experiences and learning from best practices. It gains easier access to information on guidelines, practical tools, reports and funding opportunities, and is invited to relevant workshops and events. It can also increase the visibility of its work and initiatives in the area of skills and apprenticeships.


European Alliance for Apprenticeships > Pledges