Article by N. Stiel, 2015-06-05, magazine Challenges (in French)
In Oslo, Norway, every morning hundreds of electric vehicles (e-vehicles) go to the downtown 30-terminal station for free charging.
Norway Population : 5.000.000
1st producer of oil in Europe
95% of Norway’s energy comes from hydroelectricity (dams etc)
Most e-vehicles in Europe. Last year 18.000 e-vehicles were purchased which corresponds to 1/3 of European sales.
Proportion of e-vehicles: Norway 1/5, France 1/200
Charging terminals have difficulty catching up.
Advantages for e-vehicles in Norway: No VAT, free parkings, free ferries, circulating in bus lanes, TVA on leasing to be abolished on 1st July (new boom expected)
Standard (thermic) vehicles cost 50% more than in other European countries. e-vehicles cost less.
E Golf : 33.200 euros
Classic version : 37.600.
Annual maintenance of Nissan Leaf: 23.000
Annual maintenance of thermic version: 37.000
Target of 50.000 e-vehicles set for 2017 was reached in April 2015.
New target of 200.000 e-vehicles for 2020. (In total there are 2.500.000 vehicles in Norway.)
"If all our vehicles were electric, only 6% of our resources would be used."
Sales started a rally when a daring Norwegian convinced Mitsubishi to give him an export license for IMiev in 2010. The vehicle was selling itself like “bagels” and even without ads. The following year it was Nissan Leaf. And now E Golf has taken 40% of the market.
Complaints: Bus drivers complain that during rush hour their lanes are overcrowded.
"By 2025 we expect to double fuel efficiency to 54.5 miles per gallon—saving American families $1.7 trillion at the pump." -VP Biden
“While most plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) use motors with rare earth metals, these materials are expensive, their prices have been highly volatile (from $80/kg to $750/kg), and their supply may fall short with potentially high market demand in the future. “