United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - An international treaty for 196 Parties

 

http://newsroom.unfccc.int/
With 196 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties

 

 

From the site http://newsroom.unfccc.int/

Excerpt from "Essential Background"

"In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to cooperatively consider what they could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and to cope with whatever impacts were, by then, inevitable."

"By 1995, countries realized that emission reductions provisions in the Convention were inadequate. They launched negotiations to strengthen the global response to climate change, and, two years later, adopted the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol legally binds developed countries to emission reduction targets. The Protocol’s first commitment period started in 2008 and ended in 2012. The second commitment period began on 1 January 2013 and will end in 2020."

 

"There are now 195 Parties to the Convention and 192 Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. The UNFCCC secretariat supports all institutions involved in the international climate change negotiations, particularly the Conference of the Parties (COP) (...)"

 

 

Conference of the Parties (COP)

Excerpt from this link

 

What is the COP?

The COP is the supreme decision-making body of the Convention. All States that are Parties to the Convention are represented at the COP, at which they review the implementation of the Convention and any other legal instruments that the COP adopts and take decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of the Convention, including institutional and administrative arrangements.

 

Sessions:

 

Session Date

Location

Session

Related

30 Nov - 11 Dec 2015

Paris, France

COP 21

Mandated Events

1 - 12 Dec 2014

Lima, Peru

COP 20

Mandated Events

 

 

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

Submission of INDCs "in the context of adopting a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties".

 

44 countries have submitted their plans until 2015-06-30. These are represented as follows:

 

Party

Date of Submission

INDC Submission

1

Switzerland

27/02/2015 12:15

 

 15 02 27_INDC Contribution of Switzerland.pdf (237 kb)

2

Latvia and the European Commission on behalf of the European Union and its Member States.

06/03/2015 16:18

 

 LV-03-06-EU INDC.pdf (107 kb)

3

Norway

27/03/2015 01:33

 

 Norway INDC 26MAR2015.pdf (552 kb)

4

Mexico

30/03/2015 20:46

 

 MEXICO INDC 03.30.2015.pdf (425 kb)

5

United States of America

31/03/2015 16:03

 

 U.S. Cover Note, INDC and Accompanying Information.pdf (273 kb)

6

Gabon

01/04/2015 13:03

 

 20150331 INDC Gabon.pdf (851 kb)

7

Russia

01/04/2015 16:47

 

 Russian Submission INDC_rus.doc (69 kb)

 

 Russian Submission INDC_eng_rev1.doc (56 kb)

8

Liechtenstein

23/04/2015 10:11

 

 150422_INDC_FL.pdf (529 kb)

9

Andorra

30/04/2015 16:03

 

 Andorra INDC-CPDN.pdf (14065 kb)

10

Canada

15/05/2015 19:03

 

 INDC - Canada - English.pdf (68 kb)

 

 CPDN - Canada - Français.pdf (128 kb)

11

Morocco

05/06/2015 19:41

 

 Morocco INDC submitted to UNFCCC - 5 june 2015.pdf (172 kb)

 

 Maroc CPDN soumise à la CCNUCC - 5 juin 2015.pdf (570 kb)

12

Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

10/06/2015 14:17

 

 INDC-Ethiopia-100615.pdf (458 kb)

13

Serbia

30/06/2015 09:12

 

 Republic_of_Serbia.pdf (175 kb)

 

 Cover_letter_Serbia.docx (1772 kb)

14

Iceland

30/06/2015 15:04

 

 INDC-ICELAND.pdf (57 kb)

15

China

30/06/2015 16:05

 

 China's INDC - on 30 June 2015.pdf (1450 kb)

16

Republic of Korea

30/06/2015 17:01

 

 INDC Submission by the Republic of Korea on June 30.pdf (363 kb)

 

 

 

Latest updates:

Latest INDCs including China, Brazil Reforestation, EU-China and US-Brazil collaborations on Climate Change

 

INDCs latest submissions : Canada, Morocco, Ethiopia, Serbia, Iceland, China, Rep.of Korea (cf below)

44 countries have submitted their plans until now

 

UNFCCC @UNFCCC

2015-07-01

In preparation for #COP21, China submits its #climateaction plan: bit.ly/1GWOudS #INDCs pic.twitter.com/AOazt5r30s

 

UNFCCC @UNFCCC

2015-07-01

Joint statement - European Union and China to step up collaboration on #climate change bit.ly/1CGvvQG #COP21 pic.twitter.com/isFAYqT3aS

 

 

UN Environment @UNEP

2015-07-02

#Brazil pledge: restore 12 million hectares of forest by 2030. More: ow.ly/P3utP via @washingtonpost pic.twitter.com/q7VtPl3wym

(« size of England »)

 

UNFCCC @UNFCCC

2015-07-02

In a joint statement, the Presidents of the US and Brazil have committed to success at #COP21 1.usa.gov/1U7TiUH

 

2015-07-02

#UNSG welcomes new post-2020 #climate targets submitted by China & Rep. of Korea: ow.ly/P349I #Action2015 pic.twitter.com/jCjYukN8Jt